Teacher Academic Optimism: Elementary Teacher
Beard, K. S., Hoy, W. K., & Woolfolk Hoy, A (2009). Academic optimism of individual teachers: Confirming a new construct. Working Paper, Ohio State University.
Beard, K. S., Hoy, W. K., & Hoy, A. W. (in press). Academic optimism of individual teachers: Confirming a new construct. Teaching and Teacher Education.
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Teacher Academic Optimism: Secondary Teacher
Fahy, P. F., Wu, H. C., & Hoy, W. K. (2010). Individual academic optimism of teachers: A new concept and its measure. In Wayne K. Hoy & Michael DiPaola (eds.). Analyzing school contexts: Influences of principals and teachers in the service of students. Greenwich, CN: Information Age.