The Organizational Justice Scale (OJS)

Organizational Justice is teachers' perceptions of fairness in the operation and administration of schools. Organizational justice is concerned with both distributive justice, that is, the fairness of who gets what, and procedural justice - the fairness of the mechanisms of distribution.

Reliability and Validity of the OJS

The OJS is a 10-item Likert-type scale that measures the degree to which school operations are fair. Teachers were asked to describe the behavior of teachers and administrators along a seven-point Likert scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree - the higher the score, the greater the extent of behavior in the school.

The reliability of the scale is consistently high - usually .90 or higher (Hoy, & Tarter, 2004). The construct validity has also been supported in a factor analytic study (Hoy & Tarter, 2004).


Hoy, W. K. & Tarter, C. J. (2004). Organizational justice in schools: No justice without trust. International Journal of Educational Management, 18, 250-259.

Ohio State School of Education
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